Before the center was recently changed to the ‘Thuan An Center’, the people living around the center, knew this center as the Lai Thieu School. This center has been established for well over 100 years, caring and giving education to those whom are deaf and dumb.
|The center was established in 1886 by Fr. Azemar (alias Fr. Luc), who came from Paris, France. In 1866, Fr. Azemar became the priest of the Lai Thieu parish. By then, he had gathered five children with disabilities (deafness and or dumbness). He taught them language and morality. In 1880, he sent Nguyen Van Truong (who also suffered deafness and dumbness) to France to learn about sign language. When Truong came back with the required knowledge in 1886, Fr. Azemar declared the establishment of the center/school.
Number of Students:
From when the school has been established to now the list of number of students who have attended are as followed:
Thuan An center (for handicapped children) consists of three main departments:
Administration Department, Education Department, Training Department.
Administration Department includes:
Head department, assistance head department, secretary, accounting, personal office and supply store.
Governmental laws are operating this organization.
Education Department includes:
Head department, assistance head department and thirty-four teachers which graduated from University, College and High school.
The education program has been compiled over several generations based on the same program of primary school.
The organization has been using the following methods:
Hearing, speaking method:
(1990) from 1989, the conception of spoken words, to impact into Vietnam by representative of Holland commission II. In this time the center sent two sisters Ngo Thi Mai Anh and Lidwina Le Thi Hue to France to attend a training course for deaf of the Blind and Deaf National Association in Paris (FISAC), also the center sent Miss Thuy Nguyen and sister Theresa to attend the training course by Holland commission II organization. With the improvement of Science on hearing aids, the new method in the education way was created. The point of view about teaching completely changed. To copy the way of human speaking they realized the importance of hearing. Therefore the children would wear the hearing aids when they learned the loss of hearing early. There was training for guardians on how to communicate with deaf children during the time of the progress language (from 0 to two years old). This was a very important step.
From the early year of 1990, this center tried to teach with the above method. However, after the period of practice and research, this center realized this method only got the best result when gathered to find out the deaf, early (0-2 years old), the sufficient support of equipments, technique, company of parents, environment etc.
From there, this center has two ways:
The mixture communication:
used for the children at an older age, not used within the early program
The using communication language:
used within the early program for the children. As well as the children whom attend to school early.
Including Head Department and ten teachers. The training includes learning to draw, embroidery, sewing and carpentry. At grade three, where students have a basic foundation (read, write and calculate) they have the ability to learn to draw, embroid, sew or carpentry. When they finish primary school they have the knowledge and skill to help and assist them with their future careers. They can develop this knowledge and ability with the support of their family members. Most of the students can make a living with the extra knowledge they have learnt.